Assessing Carbon In Oceans
Carbon is a uniquely diverse organic compound. Its atoms can bond in different ways and this bonding results in what is called allotropes. Allotropes of carbon are most popular with graphite and diamond – mineral resources. A vast number of other compounds are formed by carbon.
Realising the value it has, it has already become an object of desire among humans. And unavoidably, massively sought after. Where to find carbon is equally vast. Luck might have it found in soil, trees, micro-organisms, sediment, algae and seawater.
The importance of this ever dynamic element cannot be overemphasised. Already, it is a determining factor of global warming. The ocean is a huge depository of carbon. And this reservoir is capable of both the good and bad – mitigating and enhancing global warming respectively.
For a better understanding of global climate, carbon cycling is rather critical. This is because, the sea temperature is determined by carbon – and in turn, it sets the weather patterns and climate. By better predicting how the connection between carbon cycling and storage works, future climatic changes can be better understood.
Information concerning the processes that govern the way organic matter accumulates are ever critical in the study of the carbon cycle of mother earth. However, better tools are needed to be able to achieve a good enough prediction on how organic matter piles up. This is a problem because the computer models cannot forecast global warming without reconciling organic carbon.
Of recent, three contesting theories have been offered to provide explanations to how the accumulation of organic matter takes place. Each of these theories explain their observations. What nevertheless shows a much more concise and precise picture explaining the dynamics important to ensure organic matter accumulation in the ocean is the USC study.
The answer to ‘why this?’ cannot be so farfetched. Thanks to the solution’s wide utility. More importantly, the study is equipped well enough to be capable of interpreting data from any part and condition of the ocean.
Not only that, the framework can analyse and account for water temperature, microbes, nutrients, sunlight and heat, ocean depth etc. With its ability to monitor diverse ecological conditions in the environment, it becomes easy for the model to predict what will be accumulated by organic carbons in various scenarios.
Moreover, biologists found out that the tool can as well be used to show that microbes can flip the carbon balance of the world. In fact, it can show how microbes process the organic matter deep in the water all through a given year. This confirms that microbes take in organic matter and then release it as carbon dioxide when the ocean warms up. This action surely leads to an ultimate increase in atmospheric concentrations of carbon, thus, increasing warming.
All these suggest that changes that are climate related – warming – can lead to significant changes in organic carbon reservoirs. Perhaps the next step is in ensuring the next tool can reflect how carbon commutes through the soil and sediment in the terrestrial spheres.