Threatened Coastal Areas
During the obviously impending risk of sea level rise in coastal areas, what should have been expected is a reduction in the rate at which people migrate to areas as such. However, the reverse is realised to be the case as people keep migrating to these same coastal communities.
That does not seem to be the end of it. Migration to these coastal communities is in fact expected to accelerate further despite the sea level change. This does not just contradict a lame man's assumption. It also contradicts what scientists had projected - instead of a decline in the presence of people in these areas, migration to the communities rose higher and still, higher i6t goes.
The reason behind this of course is not simply to taste the seawaters. Of course not. People migrate to these areas because their hopes of job opportunities are higher in these coastal areas. After local farmers have faced income decline working in other parts of the country, they often resort to moving to these coastal areas. For livelihood for one. And for two, it is a good area for business.
As the number of immigrants increase, the population that already reside in these coastal areas keep their ground and pose in a 'we are here to stay' fashion. Come what may. Although, floods cause them losses but they are unaware of better choices elsewhere - if at all there are.
Sometimes, people relocate to areas they know are riskier not because they yearn for adventure so much – at least not every time – but because they are left with not many alternatives. Migrating to riskier terrains is a tendency that contrasts common assumptions and yet, people take the risk.
The waves of these decisions might be helpful anyway. Knowing what people would do under certain circumstances will positively affect adaptation planning to save lives in the future. This is owing to the knowledge that the possible dangers from changes in climate can only be effectively addressed by making plans in advance for them.
Moreover, credit access is discovered to be one of the reasons people migrate and stay in areas of climate hazards. Ironically, the increased credit access granted by the government to make people stay away from climate hazards is what sustains them in these areas.
In order to address the vulnerability of populations in climate hazard, credit access is of course an important mechanism. However, that alone does not seem sufficient enough a reason to face the issue of mobility of climate adaptation. It’s just too thin a ground. Other considerable mechanisms can be delivery and timing of credit or regulations put in place on construction.
An individual might as well decide to migrate to these areas of impending climate hazard to try his luck. And on arrival, he found luck and more. Competing factors such as job, family and investment may have influenced an individual’s stay in these areas.
A significant step has been taken to foster a better understanding of human behaviours. Especially when their adaptation responses seem counterintuitive as in this case.